This page contains explanations for grammatical terms. For their Klingon translations, see grammatical terms.

Introduction to Grammatical Terms

Not everyone is familiar with all those grammatical terms being used in this wiki, but one should know that this is unevitable when learning a language. This page will explaing the most basic word that you just have to know.

Part of speech

Every language has different kind of words, depending on how you use them or what they mean.

Noun
This is a word used for things or ideas, like shoe, cloud, idea, bottle

Verb
These are words of action, describing somebody doing, like eat, walk, live, see.
  • stative verb: a verb which does not imply a dynamic action, like sleep, sit, be green
  • non-stative verb: a verb that implies a movement or action, like put down, eat, run

Adjective
This kind of word describes the state or quality of a thing, like big, small, green, old.

Adverb
This kind of word describes how or when an action takes place, like quickly, today, suddenly, twice.

Conjunction
This kind of word joins two or more words or sentences together, like and, or, but.

Prefix
The prefix is a syllable being attached to the front a verb. There are no prefixes in English like in Klingon.

Suffix
The suffix is a syllable being attached to the end a word. Although there are no suffixes in English like in Klingon, you can compare this to endings like -ing, -er and -ed.

Syntax

Subject
The subject of a sentence is the thing or person doing something, e.g. "John" is the subject in the phrase "John is learning a language".

Object
The object of a sentence is the thing or person receiving the action, e.g. "language" is the object in the phrase "John is learning a language".
  • The "direct object" is generally equal to the object, i.e. the recipient of an action.
  • The "indirect object" is a third person receiving the thing that is the object of the verb, as in "I give YOU the knife", where the "knife" is the direct object.

Tense
This describes the time situation of a sentence. Fortunately, that does not exist in Klingon.

Aspect
This describes how an action relates to the flow of time. Verb suffixes are used to denote that an action is completed, ongoing or continuous. This should not be confused with tense - an action can be completed in the past, present or future.

Aspect
Aspect describes whether an action is completed, like if you're still eating the apple or if you're done with it.

Klingon translations

For Klingon vocabulary for those words, see ➞ grammatical terms.
Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 21 Sep 2022, by WikiAdmin    Created: 13 Mar 2014 by KlingonTeacher
History: r16 < r15 < r14 < r13 - View wiki text
 
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