More from Maltz

HolQeD article of vol. 4 issue 4, December 1995, page 11

Written by Marc Okrand; Originally published in HolQeD, the quarterly journal of the Klingon Language Institute, Flourtown, PA, ISSN 1061-2327.


additional information regarding words relating to groups or assemblies + talking about possible negations of adverbials


1. Groups

Some additional information has come to light regarding words relating to groups or assemblies. Among those words already well-known for difterent types of groups are:

boq "alliance" (also "bloc" or "coalition," though "coalition" is sometimes boq ru', literally "temporary alliance")

DIvI' "federation" or "organization" (also "association," "league," "union")

ghom "group" or "party" (also "band," in the nonmusical sense)

qev (also ghom'a') "crowd"

Add to this list:

tlhach "faction" or "sect"

There are also a few more words related to schools or academic pursuits. The most general word for "school" (a place for learning) is DuSaQ A Specialized school, perhaps translatable as "academy," is 'ampaS. An organization dedicated to scholastic pursuits or research is a yejHaD "institute" or "institution" or a yej'an "society." The distinction between yejHaD and yej'an is not clear, though the former is usually -- but not always -- used for larger organizations. It is not known whether the first syllable of these words (yej) is yej "council, assembly," but there could be some historic connection. Note that nugh "society" has a much broader meaning: a group of people with a shared culture. Accordingly, tlhIngan nugh would mean "Klingon society" as distinguished from, say, Romulan society, but tlhIngan yej'an would probably be "the Klingon Society," a group dedicated to the study of Klingons.

2. Negative Adverbials?

The word for "dishonorably" is batlhHa'. This is clearly the adverbial batlh "in an honored fashion" plus a suffix -Ha', which might be analyzed as the negative suffix that follows verbs or else as a suffix identical in form (and meaning?) to it, but which appears with adverbials.

Whether this -Ha' can he added to all adverbials is not clear. The notes taken while working with Maltz indicate that he balked at vajHa' ("not thus") but accepted Do'Ha' "unfortunately." Information on other adverbials has not yet been uncovered, though it is probably in the notes somewhere.

See also

External links

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