New words released at qepHom 2019

During qepHom'a' happening November 2019, Maltz has released lots of new words, confirmed the spelling of some names from Star Trek: Discovery, and gave us some interesting grammatical clarifications. They were distributed to the qepHom attendees in a booklet. Some words were discussed in the qepHom 2019 interview.

List of new words

The following table sorts them by Klingon alphabetical order. Click on one of the titles to sort otherwise. Notes in [brackets] are not Okrand's words, but just for clarification.

word type translation clarification topic
bov tIQ n. ancient era [millions of years ago, thinking of dinosaurs]
Daghor tuq n. House of D'Ghor (name) DSC
De'lor n. drip stone If a distinction is needed, say rav De'lor ("floor De'lor") or pa' beb De'lor ("ceiling De'lor"), even if there is another cave above the ceiling.
DennaS n. Dennas (name) DSC
DISqa'vI'rIy n. Discovery (name of a starship) DSC
DoylI' n. cart (two-wheeled vehicle, pulled or pushed)
DughrI' n. skull nach Hom has been used for this, and that's fine
Durghang n. lock device requires another device, like a key, or a code to open
ghaw v. excavate (a hole, a trench)
gha'vIq n. Grafk (name) DSC
ghop 'etlh n. hand sword [this appeared in Star Trek: Klingon, but not written] Weapons
ghunta n. check, promissory note, IOU note (for monetary transactions) Maltz said Klingons don't use this sort of thing very often anymore.
Hov lat n. star shrine [this appeared in Star Trek: Klingon, but not written]
Hurgh Duj n. submarine to distinguish from "blimp", you can say bIQ Hurgh Duj and muD Hurgh Duj
jaqtala' n. puberty, jak'tahla (Klingon)
jat Hol n. gibberish [title of the book Kauderwelsch]; To say "speak gibberish" say jat Hol jatlh
jelwaS n. iodine (element) chemistry
laq v. speak gibberish (slang) e.g. tlhIngan Hol Dajatlh 'e' DaQub 'ach bIlaq.
laqlaq n. gibberish (slang)
lIr'el n. L'Rell (name) DSC
loq v. be extinct [referring to animals, like dinosaurs]
mejnay n. apron (clothing) There's also a slang term: pInHom see note at pInHom
mo'qay tuq n. House of Mo'Kai (name) DSC
muD 'umber n. climate [as in "The Klingon homeworld has a very hot climate."]
nobmeD n. skeleton qal'aq is fine for "skeleton" if modified: Hom qal'aq or porgh qal'aq
no' bov n. ancestors' era [long time ago, like stona age, but not as fas as bov tIQ.]
ngItHel n. string instrument (like a violin) it is plucked, strummed, or bowed
ngItHel naQ n. ngItHel bow [violin bow]
pa' beb De'lor n. stalactite (ceiling De'lor)
pa'vo n. Pahvo (planet) DSC
pay'rIn n. excavation area [a place where the ruins of ancient buildings are excavated]
pInHom n. apron (clothing) (slang) The slang term may be used in informal settings, but never in a science lab or heavy-duty workshop.
qa'mInar n. Kaminar (planet) DSC
qanQIy loS n. Cancri IV (planet) DSC
qelpIngan n. Kelpien DSC
qelpIya'ngan n. Kelpien DSC
qol n. Kol (name) DSC
rav De'lor n. stalagmite (floor De'lor)
raywal n. booth (small building)
ret v. be most recent [used to talk about the last qep'a', for instance]
roSqa' n. archaeological artifact
SIlreq n. Silrek (name) DSC
SIntlher n. non-scientific, general term for an ancient (extinct) animal of any size (though often quite large). [like a dinosaur]
SIqnaSwaq n. elf, gnome In Klingon mythology, there's a type of small person that could probably be referred to in English as an "elf" or "gnome."
SIqotlan n. Scotland Country
SoS taj n. mother's knife [this appeared in Star Trek: Klingon, but not written] Weapons
tanje'rIn n. tangerine [loanword; orange like fruit with skin easy to peel]
tawleHnu' n. hopeless situation (fugazi, snafu, foobar)
tawleHnu' pogh n. hopeless situation (more emphatic)
taw' v. ridgy, embossed (opposite of 'ap). This word is not used when referring to foreheads. The noun Su'nIm ridges fits in here as well
tIquvma n. T'Kuvma (name) DSC
to'ratlh n. Torath (name) DSC
tlhut v. be stuffed in context with taxidermy and stuffed animals
tlhutmoH v. stuff see note below
voq n. Voq (name) DSC
way'ar n. chaos
web v. be chaotic (slang) when applied to a situation or a mission it means "be chaotic, disorganized".
wejbe' n. nitrate (chemistry term) chemistry
wonmugh n. alley (usually a narrow road or pathway between or behind buildings)
yan n. slang term for violin bow
'an v. be petrified ➞ note
'an'or n. fossil (same word for plants, bones, etc.)
'an'orQeD n. paleontology science
'an'ortej n. paleontologist science
'aqaD n. Akkad capital city of the Akkadian Empire
'aqaDyan Hol n. Akkadian language
'at v. inherit [for instance, if the father dies, his son inherits his possessions]
'eQ adv. just, a moment ago example: 'eQ qagh vISop "I just ate gagh" [i.e. a few seconds ago]
'or'eq n. Or'Eq (name) DSC
'ujIllI' n. Ujilli (name) DSC

Additional Notes on new words

'an also means "be a waste." Most Klingon lexicographers consider these to be two homophonic words, but historically, one grew out of the other. The "petrified" meaning is the earlier one, and "be a waste" developed from that, perhaps because once something turns to stone it loses any original use it may have had – though it may take on another use, of course.
In the qepHom 2019 interview, Okrand explaind that 'an be petrified can not be used for people, except if they really turned into a stone for whatever reason. It's definitely not to be used as "I was petrified by fear".

ghoD is used in reference to food (specifically, in Power Klingon, to'baj 'uS lughoDlu'bogh "stuffed to'baj legs," but it could be used for other things as well). ghoD is also the word to use for stuffing your backpack or any other sort of pack or sack or suitcase or the like. In other words, ghoD is used when the thing you're stuffing (the container) is used to hold or store what you're putting into it.

The idea with tlhut is not that you're holding or storing or retaining or saving or housing whatever's inside (even if only temporarily, as with the food), but that you're filling something up to attain a specific shape or look (stuffing/filling the skin of a dead animal, stuffing/filling some material to look like a teddy bear). With ghoD, the ultimate shape of the stuffed thing doesn't matter; with tlhut, it's supposed to matter (though you may be unsuccessful).

You wouldn't use tlhut for a piñata.

Grammatical clarifications

The following is not a literal copy of the booklet; The answers are shortened to the main idea, without changing its meaning.

prefixes referring to 'ar

When referring to a questioned noun with 'ar, the prefix is used with an object in plural if the questioned noun can be singular or plural (it lacks a plural suffix) and the translation is "how many?"; singular if the questioned noun is something that can't be counted and the translation is "how much?" So Duj 'ar DIlegh? "How many ships do we see?" bIQ 'ar wIlegh? "How much water do we see?"

word types

Okrand resists a strict classification of words as nouns and verbs, although he also says that TKD splits them in the grammatical part. He says that one might consider ret to be two separate words, a noun and a verb, or one might consider it to be a single word that can be used as a noun or as a verb. He doesn't take a stand on a "correct" interpretation. This hearkens back to The Klingon Dictionary's introduction of -ghach, where it is said that "it is not known if all verbs can be used as nouns."

Vocabulary clarification

The following is not a literal copy of the booklet; The answers are shortened to the main idea, without changing its meaning.

  • chol: The object of the verb chol is the thing/person you're getting closer to. The Type 5 suffix -Daq is not needed. It's sometimes used, but it's redundant (though not out-and-out wrong).
  • ghom "group" (noun) is used for people only, not for things. mu'ghom is one exception.
  • mej: The difference between mej "leave" and tlheD "depart" is that tlheD implies setting out on a journey, having a goal or destination in mind, while mej refers simply to leaving one's current location. In both cases, the object is the place you're departing/leaving from.
  • ngan [when attached to a word] is generally translated as "people of", but it's more generally used to indicate a group of beings, not necessarily beings from a particular place. (p. 19) – (This could be an answer to the old dilemma of whether a Klingon living on Earth could be called a tera'ngan: the answer is generally no, because tera'ngan is generally understood to refer to humans, but someone wanting to split hairs could legitimately claim that any inhabitant of Earth could be called a tera'ngan. Said person should be prepared to fend off an attack of eye-rolling.)
  • QeD: xQeD and xtej are generally written without a space, but there are few exceptions: DI'ruj QeD "metaphysics" is two words (as is DI'ruj tej). Also, Hov leng QeD "treknology" is a made-up word (or phrase) that doesn't come from Klingon culture; it was a one-time translation of a chapter heading in a non-Klingon publication. So Klingons aren't concerned about that one.
  • tej: There is a pattern that if there is a xQeD, then the xtej is automatically correct. (See ➞ science)
  • In paq'batlh, SaD law' was used to say "thousands". You can not say SaDmey or vatlhmey etc.
  • A way to talk about dinosaur periods in paleontology, bov tIQ "ancient era" could be used. A more recent time (though still long ago) is no' bov "ancestors' era." Maltz didn't know scientific words similar to "mesozoic" and the like, though he was sure such words exist.
  • Qav means "last, final"; it does not mean "previous" or "most recent", so when talking about the last qep'a' you shouldn't use Qav, unless it's definitely the last one ever.
  • 'Irgh "bully" is not limited to children, it can be used for adults too.
  • The difference between pI' and ror was explained:
In TKD, there are two words defined as "be fat": pI' and ror. The basic difference is that ror implies bulk due to body fat or the like, while pI' does not carry this connection. Either word can be used in most contexts to convey the notion of "not thin," but ror is more appropriate when the idea is "not lean."

When ror is used to describe an inanimate object, there's usually a bit of anthropomorphizing (klingonomorphizing?) going on, likening the object, however subtly, to a person (or animal). Note also that "fat book" is usually translated as paq qargh (literally "thick book" or "bulky book"), not paq pI' or paq ror. (Either of these might be appropriate if the book in question comes to life as a character in a cartoon. Under those circumstances, using -pu' as the plural suffix for paq might also be expected.) (qepHom 2019)

New expressions

qIvon belmoH – A slang expression or idiom used mostly (but hardly always) by or to kids to say that one needs to go to the bathroom. Example: DaH jImej. qIvonwIj vIbelnISmoH. You might ask a child who's a little jittery belHa''a' qIvonlIj? As with idioms, words should not be replaced.

qepHom booklet

These are the pages as published at the qepHom. Please note that these may include minor typos which were corrected in the above word lists. The pages 1-10 and 14 included information regarding the organisation of the qepHom. Pages 24-33 included exercises for the students, but no new information.

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See also



Category: Vocabulary    Latest edit: 08 Mar 2021, by KlingonTeacher    Created: No permission to view En
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