The Klingon Dictionary

Relative clause

A relative clause is a phrase which, like an adjective, describes a noun. In Klingon, the verb is marked by type 9 suffix -bogh, which is usually translated in English as who, which, where, that, etc.


loD qIpbogh puq the child who hits the man
This is not a sentence itself, but a relative clause which can be used as a subject or object of another verb. To avoid confusion as to which noun in the relative phrase is the head noun, the type 5 noun suffix -'e' can be added to the head noun.

loD qIpbogh puq'e' vIlegh. I see the child who hits the man.
loD'e' qIpbogh puq vIlegh. I see the man whom the child hits.
mulegh loD qIpbogh puq'e'. The child who hits the man sees me.
mulegh loD'e' qIpbogh puq. The man whom the child hits sees me.

Combining with other suffixes

A locative marked with -Daq can be the object of a verb with -bogh:

'u' SepmeyDaq Sovbe'lu'bogh lenglu'meH He ghoSlu'bogh retlhDaq 'oHtaH (SkyBox #99)
"... beside a passage to unknown regions of the universe, [space station Deep Space Nine is] the gateway for the exploration [...]"

Sepmey ("regions") is the object of Sovbe'lu' ("one does not know") and has a type 5 suffix -Daq.

The verb leng ("travel") is special in that its object can take -Daq, so 'u' SepmeyDaq Sovbe'lu'bogh could be either the object of leng or a locative, but in either case it's an example of a noun with -Daq being the object of a verb with -bogh.

See also


Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 11 Aug 2020, by WikiAdmin    Created: 08 Sep 2014 by BradWilson
History: r10 < r9 < r8 < r7 - View wiki text
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