Type 2 verb suffixes

Type 2 verb suffixes, indicating volition/predisposition(1), can only be attached to verbs:

Suffix meaning
-nIS need
-qang willing
-rup ready, prepared (referring to beings)
-beH ready, set up (referring to devices)
-vIp afraid


Although the definition from TKD is only "need"(2), the canon examples for the suffix -nIS are sometimes also translated using the english word "must" or "have to". At least from an english point of view, this is a bit confusing and not clear, because there is a slight difference between "need" and "must/have to" (3). Some people on the mailing list argue that one should not use -nIS for situations that require English "must".

You need to eat. (TKD)

mataHmeH maSachnIS.
To survive, we must expand. (TKW)

DaH jIbwIj vISay'nISmoH.
I must wash my hair now. (PK)

vergh 'ach DIlnISbe'
free parking (MKE)

See also

Type Sort Suffixes
1 Oneself/one another -chuq, -'egh
2 Volition/predisposition -nIS, -qang, -rup, -beH, -vIp
3 Change -choH, -qa'
4 Cause -moH
5 Indefinite subject/ability -lu', -laH
6 Qualification -chu', -bej, -ba', -law'
7 Aspect -pu', -ta', -taH, -lI'
8 Honorific -neS
9 Syntactic markers -DI', -chugh, -pa', -vIS, -mo', -bogh, -meH, -'a', -jaj, -wI', -ghach
R Rovers -Ha', -Qo', -be', -qu'


1 : The Klingon Dictionary p. 36

2 : The Klingon Dictionary, p. 36 + 164

3 : Explaining the video between need and must on, retrieved on 17 Nov 2016

Category: Grammar    Latest edit: 19 Sep 2020, by WikiAdmin    Created: 11 Apr 2014 by RejutkaLupex
History: r14 < r13 < r12 < r11 - View wiki text
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