Unicode

Unicode is a standard for the consistent handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems. The standard is maintained by the Unicode Consortium, and as of March 2020, there is a repertoire of 143,859 characters, covering 154 modern and historic scripts, as well as multiple symbol sets and emoji. (1)

Klingon in Unicode

The Klingon letters (i.e. pIqaD) are not included in Unicode, causing the problem that computer fonts are not equally mapped (same keys can have different symbols) and that pIqaD cannot be used for email and social media communication.

Private Use Area

The Unicode chart has an area of non-defined letters which can be used by anyone for personal purpose. In 1997, Michael Everson created a standard for Klingon letters using this socalled "private Area". Several computer fonts use his chart, such as quja' and the Nokia Klingon fonts.

This encoding has been endorsed by the Klingon Language Institute.(2)
Klingon: U+F8D0 - U+F8FF
Code Description Transcription Key Glyph
U+F8D0 KLINGON LETTER A a a a
U+F8D1 KLINGON LETTER B b b b
U+F8D2 KLINGON LETTER CH ch c c
U+F8D3 KLINGON LETTER D D d d
U+F8D4 KLINGON LETTER E e e e
U+F8D5 KLINGON LETTER GH gh g g
U+F8D6 KLINGON LETTER H H h h
U+F8D7 KLINGON LETTER I I i i
U+F8D8 KLINGON LETTER J j j j
U+F8D9 KLINGON LETTER L l l l
U+F8DA KLINGON LETTER M m m m
U+F8DB KLINGON LETTER N n n n
U+F8DC KLINGON LETTER NG ng f f
U+F8DD KLINGON LETTER O o o o
U+F8DE KLINGON LETTER P p p p
U+F8DF KLINGON LETTER Q q k k
U+F8E0 KLINGON LETTER QH Q q q
U+F8E1 KLINGON LETTER R r r r
U+F8E2 KLINGON LETTER S S s s
U+F8E3 KLINGON LETTER T t t t
U+F8E4 KLINGON LETTER TLH tlh x x
U+F8E5 KLINGON LETTER U u u u
U+F8E6 KLINGON LETTER V v v v
U+F8E7 KLINGON LETTER W w w w
U+F8E8 KLINGON LETTER Y y y y
U+F8E9 KLINGON LETTER GLOTTAL STOP ' z z
U+F8EA (This position shall not be used)
U+F8EB (This position shall not be used)
U+F8EB (This position shall not be used)
U+F8ED (This position shall not be used)
U+F8EE (This position shall not be used)
U+F8EF (This position shall not be used)
U+F8F0 KLINGON DIGIT ZERO 0 0 1
U+F8F1 KLINGON DIGIT ONE 1 1 2
U+F8F2 KLINGON DIGIT TWO 2 2 3
U+F8F3 KLINGON DIGIT THREE 3 3 4
U+F8F4 KLINGON DIGIT FOUR 4 4 5
U+F8F5 KLINGON DIGIT FIVE 5 5 6
U+F8F6 KLINGON DIGIT SIX 6 6 7
U+F8F7 KLINGON DIGIT SEVEN 7 7 8
U+F8F8 KLINGON DIGIT EIGHT 8 8 9
U+F8F9 KLINGON DIGIT NINE 9 9 0
U+F8FA (This position shall not be used)
U+F8FB (This position shall not be used)
U+F8FC (This position shall not be used)
U+F8FD KLINGON COMMA , , ,
U+F8FE KLINGON FULL STOP . . .
U+F8FF KLINGON MUMMIFICATION GLYPH

Proposal to include Klingon in Unicode

First Proposal 1997

The first proposal to add Klingon to Unicode was made by Michael Everson on 18 September 1997(3), but the proposal(4) was rejected in May 2001 because of "lack of evidence of usage in published literature" and "lack of organized community interest" (5).

New request 2016

Over time, as the usage of pIqaD has increased in public materials (such as Monopoly, Haynes Bird Of Prey Manual) and also within the community, the point of "missing usage and interest" has vanished. In November 2016, long term Klingonist and member of the KLI Mark Shoulson submitted a paper to the Unicode Consortium asking to encode pIqaD finally.(6)

They always said it wasn't encoded because people weren't using it: Shoulson disproves that claim in the document. The discussion on the Unicode mailing list started to heat up again; this time they were saying that there are problems with Paramount's copyright and all (see Copyright Issue), but Shoulson argues that this is not relevant, and even if it is, they should decide whether or not to encode and *then* worry about difficulties carrying that out.

Mark Shoulson had been talking to various UTC members, and the official UTC meeting was planned for November 2016. Nevertheless, the proposal was rejected even before being discussed at the meeting. That's why it's not listed in the list of UTC'S Non-Approvals.(7)

David Yonge-Mallo received some info about from the committee later:
  • the proposal missed the deadline for the November meeting, but is on the agenda for the January one
  • the good news is that the committee considers the evidence of use for Klingon is now sufficient
  • the rest of the proposal is in good shape (other than lack of a date), only the IP stands in the way
  • Tengwar was added to the roadmap before IP issues arose; adding Klingon to the roadmap has no real effect while IP issues are unresolved
  • their recommendation is that the Klingon community work towards getting the IP owners to engage with them to settle the IP issues

See also

References

1 : Unicode on Wikipedia, retrieved July 06, 2020

2 : ConScript Unicode Registry

3 : ConScript Unicode Registry on Wikipedia

4 : Proposal to encode Klingon in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646-2 by Michael Everson, 18 Sep 2016

5 , 7 : UTC Archive of Notices of Non-Approval

6 : "Proposal to encode Klingon in Plane 1 of ISO/IEC 10646-2", by Mark Shoulson

Category: Software    Latest edit: 14 Jul 2020, by WikiAdmin    Created: 26 Mar 2015 by KlingonTeacher
History: r8 < r7 < r6 < r5 - View wiki text
 
The Klingon Language Wiki is a private fan project to promote the Klingon language. See Copyright notice for details.