S je
je ] / [ je ]
Klingon letters:

also, and (joining nouns)

word type: conjunction, TKD chapter 5.3.


The Klingon Dictionary p. 55, 90

Canon examples

joining nouns:
DeS 'uS je
an arm and a leg (TKD p. 55)

More Information

Always follows the sum of counted nouns. When added to a list of phrases, it's translated as "also, too".

Dargh vIqem je
I'll bring tea also. (CK)

➞ I'll bring tea in addition to bringing your dinner. Previous sentence: SoHvaD 'uQ wej vIqem I'll bring you dinner number three.

jIghung je
I am also hungry. (a joke from PK)

➞ In addition to you being hungry, I am hungry. Previous sentence: jIghung I am hungry.

jI'oj je
I am also thirsty. (a joke from PK)

➞ I addition to you being thirsty, I am thirsty. Previous sentence: jI'oj I am thirsty.

notlh veS... 'a tugh manotlhchoH je maH
War is obsolete... as we are in danger of becoming. (Azetbur in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country)

➞ We and war are both (soon to be) obsolete.

pInaDqu' tuqlIj wInaDqu' je
Glory to you and your house.
("We praise you highly; we also praise your house highly") (KGT p. )

➞ We commend both you and your house.

ghop luQan tajHommey. pe'laH je.
[the blades] providing both a hand guard and another set of cutting edges. SP2

➞ In addition to protecting the hand, the blades also cut.

This is the first time in this list that je is used to join two different verbs, in the same manner as jISop. jItlhutlh je. The subject remains the same between the sentences.

qep'a' wejDIchDaq jatlhtaH tlhIngan Hol HaDwI'pu'. ghoHtaH je. tIv'eghtaH je.
[untranslated] (newsgroup message of Nov 1996)

➞ Another case of the verb changing while the subject stays the same. The subjects are speaking, arguing, and enjoying themselves.

chalqachDaq bIQaDbe' je
Even in a tower you are not safe. (paq\'batlh)

➞ This is apparently the first canonical instance of je being used for English "even". Nick Nicholas did this all the time in his Shakespearean translations. The previous sentence is SanlIj DanarghlaHbe', so the literal translation is "You cannot escape your fate; you are also not safe (slang) in a tower."

Qo'noSDaq boqwI'mey nejmeH je leng qeylIS 'ej chaHvaD lut ja'
Kahless also went out to search for allies across Kronos, and told them his tale. (paq\'batlh)

➞ In the previous two stanzas, Kahless grows mighty and strong, "and it fueled his will to fight." Then you get why he "also" traveled. There is very little connection between these two things.

QIStaqDaq cholonDI' jIyIn DaH jIyIn je
I am alive as I was when you left me at Kri'stak. (paq\'batlh)

➞ This is the first example where the difference between the two sentences is the adverbial: I lived then and I also live now.

A possible conclusion is that je is not restricted to the examples in TKD where it is treated like the noun conjunction is spread across two instances of the verb. That is, qaleghpu' je seems to be SoH pIlegh jIH latlhpu' je or SoH latlhpu' je Saleghpu', but it can be used for qaQoypu' 'ej qaleghpu' and if you say wa'Hu' qaleghpu' je then it can even be used for cha'Hu' qaleghpu' 'ej wa'Hu' qaleghpu'.

Using with adjectives acting as nouns

HoS law'qu' luch law'qu' je lo' Duj nuH pat Hub pat je.
A huge amount of the ship's power and technology is devoted to its weapons grid and defensive systems. (SP3)

[HoS law'qu'] [luch law'qu'] je

lenglIj lutebjaj lengwIjvaD bel rap, Sov rap, ngoQ rap je Danobpu'bogh
May your journey be filled with the same joy, wisdom, and purpose you have given mine. (Frasier)

[bel rap], [Sov rap], [ngoQ rap] je

Quj wa'DIch juH qachmey mebpa'mey je qa' raQmey chu' monmey chu' je.
Custom OUTPOSTS and CAPITALS replace original Houses and Hotels. (MKE)

[raQmey chu'] [monmey chu'] je

See also

'ej and (in sentences)

Similar sounding words

Did you search for je'?

Cite this entry

Definition of {je}
from the Klingon Language Wiki:
Retrieved 09 Aug 2022

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Category: conjunction    

Latest edit: 17 May 2021, by KlingonTeacher
Created: 02 Sep 2019, by KlingonTeacher

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Editors read this first
see example page

remember the swap of q > k and ' > - as in qa' = ka- and Daq = Dak

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