S Sum
sum ] / [ sum ]
Klingon letters:

be near, be nearby

word type: verb used as adjective, TKD chapter 4.4.
Quality verbs are intransitive by nature.


Klingon for the Galactic Traveler p. 227

Canon examples

As a verb:
Sum Daqmeyvam, tera'ngan.
These places are nearby, Terran. (CK)

SumchoH mangghom 'Iw largh.
The army closes in, smelling blood. (paq'batlh)

As an adjective:
Daq SumHa'vo' wab Huj Qoylu'.
Strange sounds come from afar (paq'batlh, paq'raD 1:13)

pIvghor yIchu' 'ej Duj Sumqu' yIjaH.
Warp to the nearest vessel. (MKE)

pIvghor yIchu' 'ej HoSHal Sumqu' yIjaH.
Advance to the nearest energy source. (MKE)

yuQ SumDaq cha'puj law' Datu'.
Detect large Sums of dilithium on nearby planet. (MKE)


Hop be remote

More Information

To say "it is close to me" say jIHDaq Sum.

Hop be remote works the same way.

William Martin (WM) interviewed Marc Okrand (MO) in HolQeD, December 1998, p. 9-10:

MO: Using the verbs Sum and Hop involves this concept [of deixis].
WM: So I could not say raSvam vISum to say, "I am near the table."
MO: No. You'd just say Sum raS. The verb Sum implies that the speaker is the one the subject is near at the time of speaking. Hop jabwI'. "The waiter is far from me right now."
WM: Well, that resolves the conflict otherwise created if they could take objects. It keeps them stative, so you can say, HIvje' Sum yItlhap.
MO: Yes.
WM: Otherwise, they'd be the only verbs we'd sometimes use as adjectives and other times use transitively.
MO: Take an object. Yes.
WM: So, could that deictic anchor be shifted by using an indirect object? Like if I wanted to say, "You are near the table", could I say SoHvaD Sum raS?
MO: No. You'd use -Daq: SoHDaq Sum raS. This throws the orientation away from the speaker (unmarked, unstated) and to the listener (marked, stated: "at you, where you are"). But you don't always need to state this overtly. Context is critical. For example: qagh largh SuvwI' ghung. Sum qagh 'e' Sov. "The hungry warrior smells the gagh. He/she knows the gagh is nearby." The only interpretation of this (absent other information) is that the warrior knows the gagh is near the warrior, not the warrior knows the gagh is near the speaker of the sentences. If context isn't clear, you can clarify:

Question: Sum'a' raS? Is the table near (me)? (Am I near the table?)
Answer: HIja'. Sum raS. Yes. The table is near (you).
Answer: ghobe'. jIHDaq Sum raS. No. The table is near me.

WM: And could I say maSumchuq?
MO: No. You'd just say bISum or SuSum. If you haven't, in the course of the conversation, set things up otherwise, it's assumed that the event being talked about is taking place where the speaker is. In fact, jISum alone probably would make no everyday sense to a Klingon. "I am near me." But it does have an idiomatic philosophical sense, something like "I'm in touch with my inner self" (but in a Klingon sort of way, of course).

As a side note: Maltz pointed out to me that the Klingon pronunciation of the word "zoom" would be Sum, which is an apt name for the app.

(message to Lieven L. Litaer, February 28, 2021; for Dr. Veller's Brasilian vacination campaign)


muS hate

Similar sounding words

Did you search for Som?

Cite this entry

Definition of {Sum}
from the Klingon Language Wiki:
Retrieved 03 Dec 2022

Copy and paste, or:
Click to share on Facebook /

Category: verb    

Latest edit: 18 Jul 2021, by KlingonTeacher
Created: 13 Dec 2017, by KlingonTeacher

Logo for the Dictionary of Contemporary Klingon

Editors read this first
see example page

remember the swap of q > k and ' > - as in qa' = ka- and Daq = Dak

1. noun 2. verb 3. others

  • Search

Go to main Wiki:

Visit us on Facebook:
Facebook logo for link button

The Klingon Language Wiki is a private fan project for educational purposes. Please read the copyright notice for details.